If you live in a place with a good economy and have an excellent job in having your children is very likely to provide the best nutrition and education, maybe even take it regularly with your pediatrician or dentist in Tijuana to monitor your health. However, in other parts of the world where there is no stable economy, there are parenting programs that integrate early childhood development with health services to reduce the number of children who fail to reach their intellectual potential in low and middle income countries.
These activities in the health center will be followed by a series of home visits that seek to improve the interactions between parents and children and demonstrate play activities that stimulate the child’s neurological connections. In many parts of the world, the fact that parents play with their children and that these games are the most appropriate for the development that corresponds to their age group is not so obvious.
Compared with just a few decades ago, children in this part of the world are less likely to die in childbirth or in their first years of life today, enjoy better health, are better nourished, and almost all go to school. While in 2000 two out of every five children lived in poverty, that figure has now been reduced by half. However, those aspects are not the only thing that differentiates children from wealthy families of poor children. They are also distinguished regarding cognitive and language development as well as in the family environment and in the number of stimuli they receive at home. These children have less vocabulary than children from developed countries and have deficiencies at the time of starting school.
Having a higher income does not necessarily mean that a child can have a better intellectual development. However, a more significant economic slack allows families to buy more and better foods that improve the physical conditions of their children, and that can allocate more resources to pedagogical materials such as books and toys that will enhance their cognitive development. Living in poverty can, on the other hand, increase stress and generate a depression in the caregivers of a child, aspects that have been associated with worse results in child development.